The objective of USOAP is to promote global aviation safety through auditing Contracting States.
The ICAO USOAP was launched in January 1999 in response to widespread concerns on the apparent inability of some Contracting States to carry out their safety oversight functions.
The conduct of audits was launched on January 2005 and ended in 2010. Beyond 2010, through continuous monitoring of States and re-evaluation of safety oversight capabilities, the USOAP Program will keep enhancing the global aviation safety.
The Scope of the program is to identify any problems encountered by States in implementation of a safety oversight system and safety-related ICAO Standards and Recommended Practices.
The auditing process covers all safety-related Annexes and focus on the overall capability of States for safety oversight:
USOAP assesses eight critical elements related to the establishment and implementation of a State’s safety oversight system:
ICAO safety analysts assigned each State to three categories according to their LEI score to achieve a common safety metrics in order to develop an effective global safety strategy:
The next step was to correlate accident rates and USOAP results at the State level
It shows, a high score of the eight critical safety elements, is corresponding with the reduction in accident rates
The USOAP Results for each participating State are presented in a status chart, for further details, please refer to http://legacy.icao.int/fsix/auditRep1_icvm.cfm
The chart shows the eight critical elements, the level of implementation (1=not implemented, 10= fully implemented) and the world average.
To calculate an USOAP value, we check how often the level of implementation lays above world average (gray squares), here some examples:
Source: ICAO – http://legacy.icao.int/fsix/auditRep1_icvm.cfm
Within the FST Module, all Belgian airlines will receive the USOAP value 6 =“Minor objections”
The Map shows the deviation from the current global average of 47. The USOAP rating for each country is calculated as shown in chart below:
 http://www.skybrary.aero/index.php/ICAO_Universal_Safety_Oversight_Audit_Programme; http://www.icao.int/Safety/Pages/default.aspx
 http://legacy.icao.int/fsix/auditRep1_icvm.cfm; http://legacy.icao.int/fsix/library1.cfm
 JACDEC, Jan Richter
 JACDEC, Jan Richter